Folk dances of Haryana

Folk dances of Haryana

Ghumar Dance 

Some dancers receive their inspiration from religion. The gods and the elements are invoked to shower their blessing  on the labours of a community.  Ghumar is a Rajasthani dance butFolk dances of Haryana it is popular in Laharu, Dadri and some parts of the Hissar and Bhiwani, bordering Rajasthan. The dance is performed by women devotees on their way to the temple. Young women and girls carrying brass plates of offerings in their  hands go to the temple singing devotional songs. The dance is performed on Diwali, the festival of lights and Holi, the festivals of spring or on the occasion of the local ceremony of Gangor Puja.   Brass plates in their hands, girls make a circle and start singing. The Musicians strike a chord  and as soon as the tune begins to take shape and gain momentum, the dancers put their offerings aside forming a large circle and dances gracefully with uplifted arms to the simplest beats. Slowly the dance gather momentum, the swaying bodies become frantic, taking the dance to its climax.

Ras Leela 

This dance from is dedicated to Lord Krishna, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Krishna had stated that the Gopis or maids of Braj are the finest examples of human beings. The dance is very common and extremely popular in the Braja area of Faridabad district.  In this dance, the maids dance in spiritual ecstasy around the idol of Lord Krishna, in a circular manner. The rhythm of the dance is so perfect that the anklets, bangles and bells, worn by the dancers, create the tinkling sound in perfect unison. The dancer sways their body in complete ecstasy around Lord Krishna.

Phag Dance or Phalgun Dance

The Phag or Phalgun dance is performed by the agricultural folk of Haryana, in the months of February-March. During this time, there is a bit of leisure time for the folks, between the sowing and harvesting period. This dance celebrates the harvest of the farmers and is essentially an expression of joy and bliss.  The men sport the most colourful and best of their turbans during the performance, while the women wear colourful traditional costumes. The dance is performed in the Dhamal style of Haryana, which is a combination of song and dance. There are different songs for the male and the female performers.

Loor Folk dances of Haryana

Loor is a well known dance of Haryana. It is performed around the Holi festival and is very popular in the Bangar and Bagar parts of the region. In the Dadri area the term Loor is used for a girl. The participants in this dance are all girls. The dancers stand in two rows facing each other, in the form of a semi circle. One party starts a song. The burden of the song being   “Your bahu has given birth to a daughter and a son is born on this side, why not marry the two”.   The dance starts with this song. For quite a while they discuss this problem. Finally the proposal is accepted. The next topic is about the presents to be given by the parents of the son to the girl at the time of marriage.


Daph dance Folk dances of Haryana

Daph dance is also a seasonal dance connected with the harvest and spring. It depicts the joyful emotions of the farmers. Men and women of all sections of the village community participate in this dance, separately. For melodic instruments the ancient Haryanavis used flutes, lutes and beens. The daph used in this dance is an ancient instrument. The songs are most suited to the occasion. The sound of the ornaments worn by the women also becomes a part of the dance-orchestra.


Gugga dance Folk dances of Haryana

Gugga Pir has several names :-Guru Gugga, Zahir Pir and Bagarwalla. Gugga is worshipped practically all over Haryana and devotees are scattered over the neighbouring states of Rajasthan, Punjab and Himachal.  The Pir was born on Bhadon Naumi at Dadreva village in Bikaner (Rajasthan). The day is celebrated as Gugga Naumi allover northern India. Gugga is said to be a Chauhan Rajput. Colonel Tod is of the view that his name was Bachraj. According to a folk legend he was married to Kumari Sirial, daughter of Raja Sanjha  of Kamrup He is equally worshipped by both Hindus and Muslims. About a week or two Before Gugga Naumi, his devotees take out a procession, led by a bhagat ,carrying Gugga Kichhari. It is a strong and long bamboo stick decorated with fans, garlands, flowers and coloured pieces of cloth .Five  Bhagats are the Main dancers. They carry their own musical instruments in their hands, consisting of Dholak, Manjiras, Deru (a small side drum), Chimta and Cymbals. The bhagats sing a song in praise of Gugga.

Khoria Dance  Folk dances of Haryana

The Khoria dance is a variant of the Jhumar dance and is exclusively performed by women. This dance is very popular in certain parts of central Haryana. The dancers wear gleaming gold-work skirts and colourful chunries. One of the dancers begins by singing a folk song and is followed by the rest of the dancers to form a circular arrangement. The performance slowly gains momentum, until some of the dancers break away from the circle and begin to sway their bodies. The performance is related to the daily lives and harvest of the local people.

  Holi Dance Folk dances of Haryana

The Holi dance is performed on the occasion of Holi, in the spring season. This dance is very popular in Faridabad, Pulwal and Ballabhgarh. It is performed by both men and women. It has various formations and variations, the most popular being the free style variety. Instruments such as Chimta, Khartal, Jhajh, Dhol, Thalis and the anklets on the feet of the dancers create a beautiful rhythm. There is an atmosphere and mood of light heartedness during the performance of this dance.

Gangor Puja Folk dances of Haryana

The Gangor Puja dance is usually performed in the months of Phalgun and Chaitra and is dedicated to Iswar (Lord Shiva) and Gangor (Goddess Parvati). It is performed during the Puja ceremony held to worship the Gods for a rich harvest the following years. The dance festival is especially popular in the areas surrounding the border of Rajasthan.  The dance is performed for hours by the women, who adorn themselves with colourful dresses and jewellery, and carry brass jars on their heads and move in a circle. The dancing pattern changes in accordance to the music and smile is considered to be an important element of this performance. In some occasions, the dance usually takes the form of a Kirtan, dedicated to the deities.

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