Foundation values for civil services Values are the standards on which, we evaluate things. For every situation we don’t have time to ‘test’ the case on ethics theories such as utilitarianism. Values provide time saving short-cut in such situation. Under New public management (NPM), the concept of public services is fast changing. Bureaucrat has become directly … Read more Foundation values for civil services
Aptitude An aptitude is a component of a competence to do a certain kind of work at a certain level. Outstanding aptitude can be considered “talent”. An aptitude may be physical or mental. Aptitude is inborn potential to do certain kinds of work whether developed or undeveloped. Ability is developed knowledge, understanding, learned or acquired … Read more Aptitude for RAS Mains Exam
Administration and management: Meaning, nature and significance The English word ‗administer‘ is derived from a combination of two Latin words and ‗ministrate‘ meaning ‗to serve or manage‘. Literally, the term means management the affairs of public or private. Administration refers to mobilisation of resources – human and material- to achieve pre-set of objectives. Administration is … Read more Administration and management: Meaning, nature and significance
Following are the major role of administration and management in developing societies:- promotion of a rational development of economic proportions through macroregulation, control of the privatization process of state-owned enterprises and public services, securing free competition and transparency in its implementation, securing an effective exercise of ownership rights of the State … Read more Administration and Management;Role in developed and developing societies
There are five stages in the chronology of the evolution of Public Administration as a discipline; these stages are theoretically driven as encapsulated below: Stage 1: politics administration dichotomy (1887-1926) Stage 2: principles of administration (1927-1937) Stage 3: era of challenge (1938-1947) Stage 4: crises of identity (1948-1970) Stage 5: public policy perspective (1971 … Read more Evolution of Public Administration as a discipline, new public administration
Theories of Public Administration Public Administration is an aspect of a more generic concept of administration. Public Administration houses the implementation of government policy and an academic discipline that studies this implementation and that prepares civil servants for this work. Some of the various definitions which have been offered for them are: the management of … Read more Theories of public administration.
Power Power, in the context of politics, can be defined as the ability to get others to do things even when they might not want to. Power can operate through persuasion, so that people cooperate willingly and freely, on the basis of reasons they accept (which may include incentives that are offered for cooperation); or … Read more Concepts of power, authority, legitimacy, responsibility and delegation.
Hierarchy The literal meaning of hierarchy is the rule of control of the higher over the lower. Hierarchy means a graded organisation of several successive levels in which one of the lower level is immediately subordinate to the next higher one and through it to the other higher steps right up to the top. The … Read more Principles of organization: Hierarchy, Span of control and unity of command
Management refers to the activities, and often the group of people, involved in the following five general functions: 1. Planning 2. Organizing 3. Staffing 4. Directing 5. Controlling PLANNING: It is the ongoing process of developing the business’s mission and objectives and determining how they will be accomplished. Planning includes both the broadcast view of … Read more Functions of management
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development defines Corporate governance as a set of relationships between a company‘s management, its board, its shareholders and other stakeholders. Corporate governance also provides the structure through which the objectives of the company are set, and the means of attaining those objectives and monitoring performance are determined. Corporate governance provides … Read more Corporate governance and social responsibility