Census of Haryana
According to Census 2011, Haryana has population of approx 2.54 Crores, an increase from figure of 2.11 Crore in 2001 census. Total population of Haryana as per 2011 census is 25,351,462 of which male and female are 13,494,734 and 11,856,728 respectively. In 2001, total population was 21,144,564 in which males were 11,363,953 while females were 9,780,611.
The total population growth in the decade from 2001 to 2011 was 19.90 percent while in previous decade it was 28.06 percent. The population of Haryana forms 2.09 percent of India in 2011.
The economy is dominated by agricultural and its related industries. The entire state is divided into four divisions of Ambala, Rohtak, Gurgaon and Hisar for administrative purposes. Haryana consists of total 21 districts, 58 sub-divisions, 80 tehsils, 50 sub-tehsils and 125 blocks. According to Census of India, there are 154 cities and towns and 6,955 villages in Haryana. Haryana has witnessed a huge influx of immigrants from all over the nation, primarily from Bihar, Bengal, Uttrakhand, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Nepal.
Total Area of the state 44,212 square kilometres
Density of the state 573 persons per square kilometres
Total population of the state in 2011 is 25,351,462,
of which males and females are given below
Population Growth of Haryana is 19.90%. It is thus increasing at a slow rate as compared to last decade from 1990-91 to 2000-01.
Percantage of total Population 2.09%
Total Population of Haryana constitutes 2.09 % of the Indian population.
Sex ratio in Haryana
Sex Ratio 879
Child Sex Ratio 834
Sex ratio has increased for both rural and urban areas. Overall sex ratio has improved from 861 in 2001 to 879 in 2011.
District wise Sex Ratio
Out of the total districts, 12 have recorded to have gender ratio of above 900. Sirsa district recorded the highest sex ratio with 999 girls available for every 1,000 boys. The district of Panchkula recorded a sex ratio of 961, Karnal (959), Fatehabad (952), Gurgaon (946), Sonipat (942), Jind (940), Rewari (931), Mewat (923), Bhiwani (912), Mahendragarh (912), Hisar (906). All these figures reveal positive signs of a healthy sex ratio started to increase in the Haryana state.
Improvement in Sex Ratio
However, with Government schemes and initiatives, the sex ratio in Haryana has started to show an upward movement. The state recorded a child sex ratio (0-6 age group) of over 900 for the first time in December, 2015. This is the first time since 2011 that Haryana sex ratio crossed the 900 mark. Haryana’s gender ratio is 903 (2016) according to state’s health department. The state has witnessed a huge success under ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ campaign. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched the much applauded ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ campaign in Panipat on January 22, 2015. The state government took strict measures to counter female feticide in the entire districts.
Census of child from (0-6) years of age
Total Child Population (0-6 Age) 3,380,721
Male Population (0-6 Age) 1,843,109
Female Population (0-6 Age) 1,537,612
Literacy rate of Haryana census 2011
Total Literacy 76.64 %
Male Literacy 85.38 %
Female Literacy 66.67 %
Total Population of Literates i.e. in absolute figures
Total Literate 16,598,988
Male Literate 9,794,067
Female Literate 6,804,921
Haryana’s economy is centered towards agriculture and industries related to it. In terms of Education, Haryana has seen a tremendous increase in its literacy rate. As of 2011, the state recorded a literacy rate of 76.64 %. This further consist of male literacy 85.38 % while female literacy is at 66.67 %. Literacy rate in Haryana has improved from 67.91 % in 2001 to 76.64 % in 2011. The city of Gurgaon with 86.30% has the highest literacy rate. Panchkula at 81.9 % and Ambala at 81.7 % are other cities with high literacy rate. Overall literacy rate in the state is descent with 76.64 % of population being able to read and write in Haryana.
Urban and Rural Population of Haryana
Urban Population of Haryana census 2011
Out of total population of Haryana, 34.88% people live in urban regions. The total figure of population living in urban areas is 8,842,103 of which 4,720,728 are males and while remaining 4,121,375 are females. The urban population in the last 10 years has increased by 34.88 percent.
Sex Ratio in urban regions of Haryana was 873 females per 1000 males.
Average Literacy rate in Haryana for Urban regions was 83.14 percent in which males were 88.63% literate while female literacy stood at 65.98%. Total literates in urban region of Haryana were 6,440,546.
Rural population census of Haryana 2011
Of the total population of Haryana state, around 65.12 percent live in the villages of rural areas. In actual numbers, males and females were 8,774,006 and 7,735,353 respectively. Total population of rural areas of Haryana state was 16,509,359. The population growth rate recorded for this decade (2001-2011) was 65.12%.
In rural regions of Haryana state, female sex ratio per 1000 males was 882 while same for the child (0-6 age) was 835 girls per 1000 boys.
In rural areas of Haryana, literacy rate for males and female stood at 81.55 % and 51.96 %. Average literacy rate in Haryana for rural areas was 71.42 percent. Total literates in rural areas were 10,158,442.
Population by Religion
A vast majority (84.45%) of population in Haryana are Hindu followers. Further, Sikhs with (4.91%), Muslims (7.03%) are the largest minorities in the state. After Punjab, Haryana has the second largest Sikh Population in India. Islam followers are mainly found in Mewat and Yamuna Nagar districts.Final Destination for Haryana PSC Notes and Tests, Exclusive coverage of HPSC Prelims and Mains Syllabus, Dedicated Staff and guidence for HPSC Exams HPSC Notes brings Prelims and Mains programs for HPSC Prelims and HPSC Mains Exam preparation. Various Programs initiated by HPSC Notes are as follows:-
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