Mugals in Haryana- The short lived empire

The short lived empire

Huinayun who succeeded Babur on December 26, 1530 appointed his brothers Mirza Hindal and Mirza Kamran as governors of Miwat and Sirhind-Hisar respectively. But this proved to be suicidal for the very existence cf the newly founded empire. While, Humayun was busy fighting the Afghans at Gaur, Hindal revolted.


Sher Khan defeated Humayun at Chausa (1539) and assumed the title of SherShah; at Bilgram (1540) he hnally routed Humayun and expelled him out of the empire.


A tradition recalls Humayun’s visit to Fatehabad on his way to Amarkot. On hearing the Miiazzim’s call to prayer Humayun made a stop over in order to offer his prayers in the nearby mosque which since then is known after him. The walls of idgah contain two of his epigraphs. Sher Khan too while pursuing Humayun, passed through this region. At his camp at Thanesar, the theft of an army horse was reported to him. He then ordered the presence of all neighbouring zamindars to find out the culprit failing which to face the consequences. It had the desiied effect. Soon the culprit was brought before him and was immediately put to death. The anecdote not only shows the efficiency of Sher Shah’s military administration but also the importance of Thanesar, a leading town in Haryana, as a halting station for the troops on their way to Lahore. The Mughal empire, so laboriously founded by Babur, disappeared within a short time under his unworthy successor and with it Haryana once again passed on to the Afghan rule.

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