22.09.21 Daily HPSC Current Affairs

HARYANA

Haryana to establish Export Promotion Bureau

Haryana Government will set up an Export Promotion Bureau in the state to promote exports, which will provide institutional support to the exporters.

Director General, Industries and Commerce Department, Dr Saket Kumar shared this information at the inauguration of the two-day ‘Vanijya Utsav’ being organized in Gurugram.

He said that District Level Export Promotion Committee (DLEPC) has been constituted in every district of the state to facilitate exports. Similarly, a Trade Promotion Committee has been constituted at the state-level to review all types of trade related issues like logistics, agricultural exports and service exports, he said.

Sharing more information about the facilities and incentives being given to entrepreneurs and exporters in Haryana through a presentation, Dr Saket said that Haryana is a fast growing economy with an export value of Rs 1,74,572 crore in the year 2020-21.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

China’s plan to become carbon-neutral by 2060

 

Industrialization in China occurred at breathtaking pace which lifted people out of poverty and transformed India into the world’s factory. However, this also made China the biggest emitter of carbon dioxide. As a result, China has set the goal of becoming carbon-neutral by 2060.

 

carbon neutral

 

Carbon neutral means cutting carbon dioxide emissions as large as possible and offsetting what cannot be eliminated. This can be done by switching to renewable energy sources like using solar power instead of coal.

 

China’s goal

 

Despite being world’s second-largest economy, China is considered as developing nation. Accordingly, it has not reached its emissions peak. By 2030, China will be committing to bring down carbon neutrality by 2060. If China gets success in it, it will be the fastest decline from peak emissions.

 

  • China requires to find replacements for fossil fuels powering its economy and rapid urbanization.

 

  • Recently in July, China opened world’s largest carbon trading market that created a framework for how emissions are priced and regulated in the nation.

 

  • China is also expanding the use of electric vehicles and automation besides investments in nuclear power. Nuclear power doesn’t emit greenhouse gases.

 

  • It is also spending on research into technologies like storage batteries and has been using hydrogen fuel to complement low-emissions energy sources.

 

  • Government has also directed local authorities to develop regional plans in order to lower emissions and curb wasteful uses of electricity like in Bitcoin mining.

Impact on economic policy

 

To break the link between growth and emissions, China will require policies that focuses on fossil fuels and encourage development of renewable energy.

 

Mahatma Gandhi to be given Congressional Gold Medal

 

An influential US lawmaker from New York reintroduced a decision in the US’s Representatives House to posthumously awarded the prestigious Congressional Gold Medal to Honourable Mahatma Gandhi in focus of his advertising of peace and nonviolence.

Key Points:

The Congressional Gold Medal is the easiest civilian award in the United States. Gandhi would be the first Indian to get hold of a Congressional Gold Medal, an honour bestowed upon such fantastic figures as George Washington, Nelson Mandela, Martin Luther King Jr., Mother Teresa, and Rosa Parks.

 

Ease of Doing Business Report – World Bank

 

The World Bank would discontinue the practice of issuing ‘Doing Business report’ following an investigation mentioning “data irregularities” in its 2018 and 2020 editions (released in 2017 and 2019, respectively) and possible “ethical matters” involving bank staff.

Highlights:

It will study a new method of evaluating the business and investment climate.

The report was introduced in 2003 to provide an assessment of goal measures of business regulations and their enforcement throughout one hundred ninety economies on ten parameters affecting a business through its life cycle.

Notably, in three reports, launched in 2017, 2018 and 2019, India ranked among the top 10 economies displaying “the most magnificent improvement”.
 

 

NATIONAL

 

12 states, Union territories have implemented 10 per cent reservation for economically weaker sections: Government

 

About 12 states and Union territories have implemented 10 per cent reservation to economically weaker sections, while no information regarding implementation of EWS reservation in the remaining states or UTs is available, the government said.

According to available information, Uttarakhand, Gujarat, Karnataka, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Mizoram, Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, Goa, Assam, Andhra Pradesh and Telengana have implemented 10 per cent reservation to EWS, minister of state for social justice and empowerment Pratima Bhoumik said in a written reply in Lok Sabha.

She said the department of personnel and training (DoPT) monitors the progress in filling up of backlog vacancies reserved for SCs, STs and OBCs with 10 ministries or departments having more than 90 per cent of employees of the central government.

According to the data provided by her, 14,366 out of 28,345 vaccines reserved for SC remain unfilled while 12,612 of 22,016 vacancies for STs remains unfilled. About 15,088 of the 28,562 vacancies for OBC remain unfilled.

 

MyGov India launches Planetarium Innovation Challenge

 

This Planetarium challenge was launched with the aim of bringing together the tech firms and Start-ups, that are based out of India, with the potential to build an indigenous planetariums system software.

 

This system software must be built by using latest technologies such as Augmented Reality (AR), Virtual Reality (VR) and Merged Reality (MR).

Background

 

This challenge has been Inspired by the Chandrayaan launches. Prior to the launch, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) had conducted the ISRO Quiz Competition-2019 in collaboration with MyGov. In the quiz, several schools, parents and enthusiastic mentors actively participated.

 

Longest Expressway of the World Between Delhi and Mumbai

 

This 1,380-kilometer 8-lane highway-passing through Rajasthan, Haryana, Delhi,  Madhya Pradesh & Gujarat-will reduce travel time between cities to 12 hours.

Highlights:

It will be open in 2023. The eight-lane controlled expressway can be expanded into a twelve-lane expressway according to the traffic volume. It is planned to plant more than 2 million trees and shrubs along the highway. The highway is the first in Asia and only the second in the world to include animal overpasses, allowing for unrestricted wildlife mobility.

 

Milestone by E-shram Portal

 

Affairs:The registration of unorganized workers has accelerated nationwide. More than 10 million people are registered on the e-shram portal.

Highlights:
Bihar, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal are on the front lines.

Common Service Centres play a vital role in facilitating registration, and nearly 68% of registrations are done through CSC

First ever concentrate step towards producing a complete database of the unorganized employees from different sectors like construction, clothing manufacturing, fishing, gig and platform work, street vending, domestic work, agriculture and allied, transport region and so on

According to the 2019-20 Economic Survey, there are an estimated 380 million unorganized workers (UW) in the country who will register on this portal in a targeted manner.

 

 

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