30.07.21 Daily HPSC Current Affairs.

HARYANA

Haryana Govt introduces ‘internship policy 2021′ for young talent

In a bid to provide young academic talent some hands-on experience working in the government sector and ideate innovative solutions in policy matters, the Manohar Lal Khattar Government in Haryana has come up with an “internship policy 2021”.

The policy launched by the State Government on Thursday aims to give an opportunity to students to secure firsthand and practical work experience and become aware of government functioning besides contributing to the policy formulation.

The interns will be required to sign a confidentiality agreement with the State Government prior to the commencement of the internship. Under this, the interns shall be required to maintain confidentiality of all the documents or reports and any other information received during the internship period and shall not reveal to any person or organization any information regarding Department, work or policy.

According to the internship policy, academic institutions shall sponsor students for internship which shall range from two months to one year. The interns will be working with the Joint Secretaries, Directors or any other relevant officials in the Government Department or District Administration. They will primarily work in areas like agriculture, data management and analysis, economics, education, energy, governance, foreign trade, health, women and child development,industry, environment, social media among other sectors.

The young academic talent should be provided with the opportunity to become aware of government functioning and develop understanding of policy measures undertaken by the Departments to bring about social and economic development.

INTERNATIONAL

 

World Day Against Trafficking in Persons – 30 July

 

United Nations observes 30 July every 12 months as World Day Against Trafficking in Persons.

Highlights:

In 2013, the General Assembly specified July 30 as World Day towards Trafficking in Persons to make awareness of the state of affairs of victims of human trafficking and the advertising and protection of their rights. The 2021 theme for World Day Against Trafficking in Persons is Victims’ Voices Lead the Way. This year’s theme puts victims of human trafficking at the centre of the marketing campaign. It will highlight the significance of listening to and getting to know survivors of human trafficking.

 

World Nature Conservation Day – 28th July

 

World Nature Conservation Day is designated on 28th July every year. The main motto of celebrating this day is to raise awareness about protecting nature & doing best practices for conserving our natural resources. The globe is supplied a limited amount of properties that we all rely upon each day, like water, air, soil and trees.

Steps to conserve the environment:

Alternate energy usage such as solar and wind energy. Planting more trees to maintain the ecosystem and to prevent soil erosion. Properly use the water resources and reuse the kitchen wastewater for watering our own gardens. Vegetation growth in catchment areas. Control the usage of electricity. Getting adopted recyclable & biodegradable products. Recycling wastes is a must. Minimize the usage of cars for a shorter distance. Usage of paper bags or cloth bags instead of plastic bags. Grow your vegetables by using organic compost. Install water treatment plants and rainwater harvesting.

 

Gamma-Ray Burst from Dying Star

 

Indian astronomers were part of a team that discovered the shortest Gamma-Ray Bursts from a dying star.

Highlights:

A team of astronomers detected a very short but powerful burst of high-energy radiation that lasted about a second and has been flying towards Earth for nearly half the age of the present universe.

The burst detected by NASA’s Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope on 26th August, 2020, turned out to be one of the shortest gamma-ray bursts caused by the death of massive stars.

 

The GRB has been designated as GRB 200826A, after the date it occurred.

 

GRB 200826A was a brief burst of high-energy emission that lasted only 0.65 seconds. The signal had stretched out to about one second in length after travelling for aeons through the expanding universe when it was detected by Fermi’s Gamma-ray Burst Monitor.

 

NATIONAL

 

National Organ Transplant Programme – NOTP

 

The Indian government is implementing the NOTP to promote organ donation and transplantation in all Union Territories/States.

About the Programme:

 

The provisions under the programme include:

♦ The establishment of State Organ and Tissue Transplant Organizations (SOTTOs) in each state/union territories.

♦ Establishment of National/Regional/State Bio-material Centers.

♦ Financial assistance for the establishment of new Organ Transplant/Retrieval facilities as well as the strengthening of existing Organ Transplant/Retrieval facilities.

♦ Training of transplant specialists, including surgeons, physicians, transplant coordinators, etc

♦ Financial assistance for the recruitment of Transplant Coordinators at medical colleges and trauma centres.

♦ It is an immunosuppressive drug for patients below the poverty line (BPL) after transplantation.

♦ The Transplantation of Human Organs Act promulgated in 1994 aims to provide a system for the storage, removal and transplantation of human organs for therapeutic purposes and to prevent the commercial transaction of human organs.
 

Exercise Cutlass Express – INS Talwar

 

The INS Talwar participated in the 2021 “Cutlass Express ” multinational training exercise on the east coast of Africa.

About Exercise Cutlass Express:

♦ The exercise is an annual maritime exercise aimed at promoting maritime safety in countries and regions in East Africa and the West Indian Ocean.

♦ The exercise’s 2021 edition will include participation from 12 Eastern African countries, the United States, the United Kingdom, and India, as well as various international organisations such as the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the European Union Naval Force (EUNAVFOR), the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), Interpol, and the Critical Maritime Routes in the Indian Ocean (CRIMARIO).

♦ The exercise aims to assess and improve joint maritime law enforcement capabilities, promote national and regional security, and improve interoperability between regional navies.

♦ India’s Information Fusion Centre – Indian Ocean Region (IFC-IOR) is also taking part in the exercise.

 

India’s participation is in line with India’s established policy and vision for maritime cooperation in the Indian Ocean region SAGAR (Safety and Growth for All in the Region).

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