21.02.20 Haryana (HPSC) Daily Current Affairs

HARYANA

Haryana govt may close 1,026 primary schools

 

After closing 2,502 government schools in the last three years, the government is likely to close 1,026 primary schools from the next academic session. The department has sought detailed information about these schools and asked the district authorities to suggest schools where students can be shifted.

 

Teachers are up in arms against the decision to close schools. They have threatened to launch an agitation against the government’s move and reach out to every household in villages and towns from the first week of February.

 

Information being gathered indicates that the government intends to close schools. The government has closed 2,502 schools in three academic sessions. This indicates lack of seriousness on the part of the government in creating infrastructure for schools.

 

Government teachers will oppose this as school and education are the basis requirements of every community and society.

INTERNATIONAL

International Mother Language Day: 21 February

 

International Mother Language Day (IMLD) is a worldwide annual observance held on 21 February.

The day is observed every year to promote awareness of linguistic and cultural diversity and to promote multilingualism.

The day was proclaimed by the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in November 1999.

The idea to celebrate International Mother Language Day was the initiative of Bangladesh. In Bangladesh 21 February is the anniversary of the day when Bangladeshis fought for recognition for the Bangla language.

Researchers develop the first 3D map of novel coronavirus, leading way to vaccine

 

Researchers from the University of Texas have developed the first 3D atomic-scale map of the part of the virus, called the spike protein, that attaches to and infects human cells. This will lead to developing a vaccine for the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19).

 

Mapping the spike protein is an essential step that can lead to developing vaccines and antiviral drugs to combat the virus. The scientists are working on a related viable vaccine candidate stemming from the research.

The research revealed that coronaviruses invade cells through spike proteins.

These proteins take on different shapes in different coronaviruses.

 

The coronavirus uses many different proteins to invade cells. But Spike protein is the major surface protein that it uses to bind to a receptor.

Once the surface protein binds with the human cell receptor, it fuses with the human cell membrane. It will allow the genome of the virus to enter human cells and begin infection. By preventing fusion, the entry of the virus into the human body can be prevented.

 

NATIONAL

India to switch to world’s cleanest petrol, diesel from April 1

 

India will switch to the world’s cleanest petrol and diesel from April 1 as it leapfrogs straight to Euro-VI emission compliant fuels from Euro-IV grades now.

This has been achieved in just three years and not seen in any of the large economies around the globe.

India will join the select league of nations using petrol and diesel containing just 10 parts per million of sulphur as it looks to cut vehicular emissions that are said to be one of the reasons for the choking pollution in major cities.

State-owned oil refineries spent about 35,000 crore rupees to upgrade plants that could produce ultra-low sulphur fuel.

BS-VI has a sulphur content of just 10 ppm and emission standards are as good as CNG.

 

Centre releases 19,950 crore rupees as GST compensation to states and Uts

 

The Central Government has released 19,950 crore rupees as GST compensation to states.

With this release of GST compensation, the Central Government has released a total of over 1.20 lakh crore rupees towards GST compensation to the states during the current fiscal.

In the financial year 2018-19, an amount of over 95 thousand crore rupees was collected as GST compensation cess of which over 69 thousand crore rupees was released to the States and Union Territories as GST compensation.

Indias first private gold mine to be set up in Jonnagiri, Andhra Pradesh

 

India’s first private gold mine operation will begin in the last quarter of 2021 at Jonnagiri in Kurnool district, Andhra Pradesh. The land acquisition for the mining project is expected to be completed in the next six months. Geomysore Services India Pvt Ltd is in the process of acquiring the land by negotiating with farmers and completing exploratory mining.

 

The company has agreed to pay Rs.10 lakh (will be paid upfront) plus Rs.2 lakh (will be paid in the first year of production as a bonus) for each acre to the farmers.
So far, the company has invested Rs.160 crore into the exploration. It is expecting investments of Rs.300 crore more.

 

CSIR tops the 2020 Nature Ranking Index

 

The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) topped the Nature Ranking Index 2020. The rankings are based on the output of the total research that was carried out from 1 December 2018 to 30 November 2019 in all the institutions.

 

The top subjects associated with the research work include Chemistry, Physical Science, Earth and Environmental Sciences, and Life Sciences.
♦ CSIR, New Delhi scored 142 counts and a share of 87.74%.

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