10.03.22 HPSC Daily Current Affairs

HARYANA

Sex ratio at birth sees an improvement in Haryana

The number of girls born per 1,000 boys has increased to 953 in the city, data from the health department released on Friday showed. Last year, Gurugram’s sex ratio at birth (SRB) was 908. It was 910 in 2019 and 921 in 2020.

Haryana, too, has witnessed a marginal improvement — its SRB, which was at 914 last year, is now 921. According to the 2011 Census, the state had the worst gender ratio in the country, at 834. The national average at that time was 919.

Figures have been piting to a consistent improvement in SRB in the state after the ‘BetiBachaoBetiPadhao’ scheme was launched in 2015. That year, the SRB was 876, which rose to 900 in 2016, followed by 914 in 2017. It remained the same in 2018 and improved to 923 in 2019 and 922 the next year.

However, the SRB has fallen in 12 districts. These include Rohtak, which dipped to 944 this year from 945 and Panchkula, from 930 to 893. Districts at the bottom are Mahendergarh (844), Rewari (856), Jhajjar (874), Faridabad (874), Karnal (891), Yamunanagar (903), Hisar (909), and Kurukshetra (912).

 

 

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

ESA Vigil

 

It’s the first of its kind mission, with the aim of monitoring the unpredictable and active Sun and help protect the Earth from its outbursts.

ESA Vigil will be the first of its kind. By keeping an eagle eye on the ‘side’ of the Sun, the spacecraft will stream a constant feed of near real-time data on potentially hazardous solar activity, before it rolls into view from Earth.

 

The mission will give us advance warning of oncoming solar storms and therefore more time to protect spacecraft in orbit, infrastructure on the ground and explorers now and in the future, unshielded by Earth’s magnetic field and vulnerable to our star’s violent outbursts.

 

All Indians head back from Ukrainian cities

By March 8, almost all Indians were evacuated from Ukraine, under a special effort codenamed Operation Ganga, starting from February 24, when the invasion began.  The last of the stranded Indians, from Sumy University, have also been evacuated to safety in neighbouring Poland, Romania etc.

 

This was possible with support from the Russian and Ukraine governments under the `Green Corridor’ facility they have jointly arranged.

 

NATIONAL

 

Param Ganga: Made-in-India Petascale Supercomputer Installed at IIT Roorkee

 

A Made in India Petascale Supercomputer “PARAM Ganga” has been installed at IIT Roorkee on Monday by B.V.R. Mohan Reddy, Chairman, Board of Governors, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Roorkee. The establishment of 1.66 PFLOPS (Peta Floating-Point Operations Per Second) supercomputing at IIT Roorkee by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC) has been built under the approach of the National Supercomputing Mission (NSM).

 

The new high-performance computational (HPC) facility would aid researchers to solve complex problems of national importance and global significance. The new HPC infrastructure will serve as an essential compute environment for the modern-day research along with their theoretical and experimental work.”

 

 

 

 

Karewas

“Vudr” is the local name for Karewas in Kashmiri language.

In the Kashmiri dialect, the term Karewa means “elevated table land”.

Firstly, this term was used by Godwin Austin in 1859 and later on by Lydekker in 1878 for unconsolidated to semi-consolidated sand clay conglomerate sequence.

Karewas are the thick deposits of glacial clay and other materials embedded with moraines. These are unconsolidated lacustrine deposits. Lacustrine means “associated with lakes”

 

 

Labour Ministry launches ‘Donate-a-Pension’ initiative

 

Union Labour and Employment Minister Bhupender Yadav launched the ‘Donate-a-Pension’ programme under Pradhan MantriShram Yogi Maan-Dhan (PM-SYM) for people to contribute to the pension fund of their support staff.

It is an initiative under (PM-SYM) pension scheme where citizens can donate the premium contribution of their immediate support staff such as domestic workers, drivers, helpers etc,

The ‘Donate-a-Pension’ programme which was launched today is part of many initiatives by the Labour Ministry to be launched in the ‘Iconic Week’ being celebrated by the Ministry from March 7 to 13.

 

 

The objective of National Youth Parliament Festival is to hear the voice of youth between 18 and less than 25 years of age, who will join various careers in coming years, including public services.National Youth Parliament Festival (NYPF) is based on the idea given by Prime Minister in his Mann Ki Baat Address on 31st December 2017.

 

Taking inspiration from the idea of  Prime Minister, the first NYPF 2019 was organised from 12 January to 27 February 2019 at District, State & National level with the theme “Be the Voice of New India and Find solutions and Contribute to Policy”.

 

National Youth Festival is celebrated every year from 12th to 16th January. 12th January being the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda, is observed as National Youth Day. This year, NYPF is also being organized along with the National Youth Festival.

 

Scientist develop energy- efficient hydrogen production by urea electrolysis

Indian Scientists have designed an electrocatalyst system for energy-efficient hydrogen production with the help of electrolysis of urea. The urea electrolysis is helpful towards urea-based waste treatment with low-cost hydrogen production. This can be utilized for energy production towards our country’s benefits.

The energy requirement for production of hydrogen through water electrolysis can be reduced by 70 % through urea electrolysis. The energy-intensive counterpart of water splitting, oxygen evolution, can be replaced with urea oxidation in urea electrolysis. The low-cost, earth-abundant Ni-based catalysts are widely applied for this process. The main challenge associated with urea oxidation is retaining the prolonged activity of the catalyst as the strong adsorption of the reactive intermediate (COx) on the active site, referred to as catalyst poisoning, causes activity loss.

 

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