Fishing of Haryana
- The State of Haryana, which was carved out of most backward region of erstwhile Punjab in 1966, has now earn a reputation of being one of the most prosperous State in the country.
- The State has good water resources in the shape of rivers, canals, drains, natural and man madelakes / reservoirs / micro-water sheds and village ponds to enable promotion of fisheries.
- Fish culture in Haryana is little difficult due to non availability of fishermen community and mostly vegetarian population. It is proposed to stock 7600 lakhfish seed to produce 142800 tonne fish during the year 2016-17 by covering 19000 hectare water area.
- It is envisaged to provide technical and financial assistance to 30000 families in fisheries sector. It is also targeted to provide benefit to 1000 Scheduled Caste Families under 20-Point Programme during the year 2016-17
Highlights of GOVT of Haryana Effort for Fisheries
- Haryana ranks 1st in the country in Inland Fish Productivity per hect./year, yet data is to be revised which is 7200 kg/hect./year and would be raised to 10000kg/hect./year by the end of 2017-18.
- Haryana State has been declared as disease free State in Fish Culture by Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).
- Department has enhanced the subsidy from 20% to 60% under Central Sector Scheme on Blue Revolution for Excavation, renovation and inputs of ponds, development of water logged and saline affected areas.
- Haryana is the first Land Locked State in the country to utilize Inland underground Saline water for culture of white shrimp Letopeneus vannamei.
- Hi-tech and Ultra Modern Ornamental Fish Hatchery in Jhajjar is the only project in North India approved by the Govt & will be established with the cost of 13.68 Crore.
- Department will establish 16 Units of Recirculatory Aquaculture System (RAS) in Haryana with a cost of 50 Lakh each and Department will provide 50% subsidy on each unit. It will produce 40 ton fish per acre. It will increase fish production and fish productivity in the State and it will double the income of the Fish Farmers.
- Department will bring 400 Hectare saline affected waste land under white shrimp culture during the year 2017-18. Under SLSC, the RKVY project was approved with the budget amounting to Rs. 51.10 Crore and there is provision of 50% subsidy to shrimp farmers.
- Department proposes to develop about 16000 Acre water logged areas in the District Jhajjar and Charkhi Dadri for Fish Culture. This will be a source of income for the farmers whose land was destroyed and turned into water logging area due to lift Irrigation.
Development of Fisheries in Haryana
- The role of fisheries sector in the national economy is, in general, relatively limited. Fisheries sector as compared to other sectors of the national economy, probably comes under the most complex category.
- The complexity of fisheries sector stems from the interaction between nature, men and technology.
- The fisheries sector has been recognized as a powerful income and employment generator as it stimulates growth of a number of subsidiary industries and is a source of low cost animal protein to the people particularly to the economically weaker sections of the society and thereby it is an advantageous position to ensure national food security.
- It is also a major source of foreign exchange in several countries including India. Fish culture is an age-old practice in many states of the country.
- The fish farming activity in the state of Haryana is of recent origin. In the short span of less than three decades, the fish farming in the state has developed to a status of significance.
- Haryana stands 2nd in the average annual fish production per unit area in the Country. The average annual fish production in the state is 7000 Kg. Per hectare against a national average of 2900 Kg.
- The state has also achieved self-sufficiency in seed production of Indian Major Carp and Common Carp.
- At the time of creation of the state in November 1966, the total water area under fish farming was 58 hectare, which has increased to – hectare by the end of March 2016. Likewise fish seed stocking has also increased from 1.5 lakh to 6400 lakh.
- The farmers of the districts adjoining to Delhi has further evolved a new technique in fish marketing i.e. harvesting the fish at 600 to 700 gm. and to carry in live condition to Delhi Fish market, so as to get high price.
- The total fish production from all resources was 600 metric tonne during the year 1966-67 which has now increased to 121000 metric tonne in 2015-16 inspite of depletion of fish population in natural water bodies.
- Despite limitation of water resources in the state, Department has made notable progress.
- The main thrust of the department is to bring all available water bodies under fish culture by creating a class of fish farmers through hands on training and providing necessary technical and financial assistance. More than 80% of the village ponds in the state have been brought under fish farming.
The main objectives and activities of the Fisheries Department are as under:
- To manage and conserve the natural fisheries in rivers, canals, drains and other water bodies.
- To utilize available village ponds and tanks for fish farming.
- To provide technical and financial assistance to fish farmers through Fish Farmers Development Agencies.
- To create a class of trained fish farmers in the state.
- To increase the production of quality fish seeds of all species.
- To utilize unused waste agricultural land for fish farming.
- To create additional employment opportunity in rural area
- The Fish farming has increased manifold in the State in recent years.
- More than 80% of the village ponds available in the State are under fish culture. Village Panchayats are earning more than Rs. 125 Crores every year from leasing the village ponds for fish farming.
- In addition to this more than 2,500 pond units have been constructed by the fish farmers in their own land.
- The average productivity of fish is 7000 Kg per hectare as against the national level of 2,900 Kg.
- Haryana ranks 2nd in the Country for per hectare fish production.
- The fish farmers have to send their produce to neighboring States and Delhi market for sale by incurring the extra expenditure on packing and forwarding.
- This is mainly due to the fact that internal fish marketing infrastructure is not adequate to support marketing of fish produce.
- It is, therefore, strengthening of the post harvest infrastructure in the State has become necessary so that the farmers may get remunerative prices.
- In order to provide marketing support to fish producers department has established 3 fish markets at Faridabad, Panipat & Yamuna Nagar.
- The superintending and supervision work of these 3 fish markets has been given to the Haryana State Agriculture Marketing Board.
- There is a provision of vehicles in these markets which are provided to fish farmers for transportation of their produce from pond site to the markets at the concessional rates. In order to further strengthen the marketing infrastructure in the State, 2 new fish markets shall be established at Badhurgarh, Gurgaon.
Training and Extension
AGRICULTURE HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME
- Human Resources Development (HRD) is a critical input for sustainable utilization of fisheries resources.
- Recognization the importance of HRD, a training Centre named Aquaculture Research & Training Institute (ARTI) at Hisar was established under the World bank Project.
- Human Resources Development is of more important in the State of Haryana being nontraditional fish farming.
- State has taken steps to bring available water resources for economical utilization.
- The main objective of the programme is to impart inservice training of the departmental officers and official and hands-on training to fish farmers so as to increase their efficiency through training/ refresher courses and study tours under the scheme.
- The plan schemes of Education, training & Extension and Utilization of Saline Ground Water have been merged with the scheme. A Fish Farmer Day is being celebrated at state level every year and participation of fish farmers of all districts is ensured.
- It is targeted to provide training to 2,472 departmental officers/officials and fish farmers during the year at the Training Institute.
- Research Programmes for fish Biotechnology and Bio-diversity are also proposed to be undertaken at this Institute.
- Fish farmers are imparted training regarding fish culture for 10 days in all District Offices. Training stiphend @ Rs.100/- per day is paid for 10 days and Rs. 100/- lumpsump to and fro fair for trainees of Scheduled Caste Families.
- Five days refresher courses and others different trainings are imparted at Aquaculture Research and Training Institute Hisar. Training stiphend is paid as per Government approved rates.
- Different study tours of Fish Farmers, Fishermen, Department employees/ officers are organized to make the training programmes more practical.
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